Geographical Situation

GEOGRAPHICAL SITUATION Elazığ is located in the Upper Euphrates Department of Eastern Anatolia Region. The province with a total area of 9151 km2 lies between 40º 21 and 38º 30 east longitudes and between 38º 17 and 39º 11 north latitudes. Elazığ is surrounded by Tunceli in the north, Bingöl in the east, Diyarbakır in the south and Malatya in the west. The province is surrounded by dam lakes. Elazığ is surrounded by Karakaya Dam Lake in the western part and the Karakaya Dam Lake in the south and Keban Dam Lake in the north. There is also a tectonic lake. Hazar Lake is in the south of the province. It has been observed that the terrestrial climatic conditions are influential, especially after the dams have been built around them, a mild clime has been observed for the last 40 years. Lakes are covered by 10% of the surface area. Keban Dam Lake is Turkey's largest artificial lake. Elazığ has a surface area of 8.454.6 km² in the province of TRB1 with a total surface area of 35,916.6 km². The altitude of Elazığ is 1,067 meters. In Elazığ, Maden Mountain is the highest point within the province borders. Its hight is 2.620 meters. The extension of Death Valley and Murat Valley in Elazığ is among the important valleys in the TRB1 Region. Elazığ; In the west, the tectonic depressions of the plains that started with Baskil Plain continue eastward with Kuzova, Hankendi Plain, Uluova-Elazığ Plain, Yarımca Plain, Behremaz Plain, Kovancılar-Başyurt Plains and end with Karakoçan Plain in the north east. Of them; The Kavak-Gözeli Plains 1500-1600 m high in the west of Lake Hazar are the highest plains of Elazığ. The most prominent plateau system is the Harput Plateau north of the province. It is located in the vicinity of Malatya and Elazığ districts in the vicinity of the dams located in the TRB1 region. Karakaya Dam has 298 km² area and 9.58 billion m³ water elevation, Keban Dam with 675 km² area and 31 billion m³ water zone. They are the second and third largest dams in the country. In Elazığ, which has a terrestrial climate, the climate has been tempered by the dams and the influx of moisture from south and west. Elazığ has the highest average annual temperature after Malatya in the region with 12,9 ° C. Natural Resources There are three types of soil dominants in agricultural areas in Elazığ. The brown soil is the most abundant and is found in all other regions except the northern part of the province. The second largest group of soil is the basaltic soil followed by collovial lands. Total agricultural land is 264.180 ha. The land amount is 255,244 ha. However, the arable land is only 232,440 ha. (Uluova, Kuzova, Elazığ, Behremaz, Karakoçan and Baskil) with a safe operation reserve of 22.246,9 hm³ / year from overground water resources (Euphrates, Dicle and other rivers) with potential of total water resources of Elazığ and 115 hm³ / year to 361,9 hm³ / year. Compared to Turkey, it is seen that the water resources of Elazığ province are very advantageous in terms of potential. On the other hand, major dam projects (Keban and Karakaya), which have been carried out in the last 20-25 years, and a significant part of the provincial lands have turned into water surface state, gaining the status of a peninsula province. The geothermal area within the borders of Elazığ province is Golan Hot Springs in Karakoçan. The forest area in Elazığ is given as 130,403 ha. The forests are mostly oak (90-95%), juniper, larch, cedar, acacia, menengic almond and so on. In various species of Elazığ flour, wheatgrass and legumes, feed plants, rosehip, thyme, kaden, rage etc. Locally called "Dombala" in Baskil province is a plant that is sought for the pharmaceutical industry. From the forest plants, the fruit of the Menengic tree is used for making coffee. In Elazığ fauna, partridges, wild boar, lynx, raptor birds, mountain goats, foxes, wolves, quails, rabbits etc. are found. Rare species of fish that grow in the water resources of the province border are tor grypus, barb esocinus, capoeta capoeta umla (myrtle, caeruleus), kosswigichthys asquamatus. Elazığ province and its surroundings are one of the most important regions of Turkey, especially in terms of metallic mineral deposits. The main industrial raw materials and metallic mineral deposits in the region are mainly chromium and marble, copper, lead, zinc, iron, manganese, scheelite, fluorite and limestone. 26% of the chromium potential of Turkey (20% Cr2O3 and above) is located in the Guleman region. In terms of industrial raw materials, Elazığ also has important formations, especially marble called Elazig Cherry. Other industrial raw materials are fluorite and limestone.